Foundational Skills Guidance Document

Author: Student Achievement Partners

  • Description
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This guide outlines the essential instructional components to teach early reading skills. It helps teachers build their own knowledge of the components of foundational skills: print concepts, phonological awareness, phonics and word recognition, and fluency. It also provides helpful rules of thumb, suggested activities, and grade-specific best practices to support the explicit teaching of foundational skills.

Included are:

  • Content: The Components of Foundational Skills
  • Instructional Moves: The “How” of Foundational Skills
  • Grade-Level-Specific Guidance for Kindergarten
  • Grade-Level-Specific Guidance for 1st Grade
  • Grade-Level-Specific Guidance for 2nd Grade
  • Pitfalls or Challenges FAQs
  • Foundational Skills Weekly Planning Template
  • Effective Enhancements
  • Decodable Readers Protocol
  • Foundational Skills Assessment Protocol
  • Phonemic Awareness in Young Children: Simplified Scope and Sequence
  • Formative Assessments for Phonological Awareness
  • Phonological Awareness Diagnostic Tracker

Supplemental Resources